Rendimiento, composición química, y propiedades funcionales de aceites esenciales de Mentha spicata (Lamiaceae) en Santiago del Estero, Argentina
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Palabras clave

hierbabuena
aceites esenciales
propiedades biológicas
antioxidante

Cómo citar

Meloni, D. A., Lescano, J. A., Arraiza, M. P., & Beltrán, R. E. (2019). Rendimiento, composición química, y propiedades funcionales de aceites esenciales de Mentha spicata (Lamiaceae) en Santiago del Estero, Argentina. UNED Research Journal, 11(3), 327-333. https://doi.org/10.22458/urj.v11i3.2624

Resumen

Introducción: Mentha spicata, comúnmente conocida como “hierbabuena”, es la menta más común y popular para cultivo, y se utiliza en la industria alimenticia, perfumería y farmacéutica. Objetivo: Determinar el rendimiento, composición y propiedades de los aceites esenciales de Mentha spicata, cultivada en Santiago del Estero, Argentina. Métodos: Usamos destilación a vapor, cromatogafía de gas y espectrometría de masa para determinar biomasa, rendimiento, composición química, actividad antioxidante y la inhibición de acetilcolinesterasa. Resultados: El rendimiento de aceites esenciales varió entre 0,8 y 1,3 mL·100 g-1 MS. Los principales aceites esenciales fueron: carvona (60,72-68,09%), limoneno (14,23-16,41%), α-pineno (0,12-3,14%), β-mirceno (0,35-2,33%), 1,8-cineol (1,69-2,73%), cis-dihidrocarvona (1,82-2,31%), trans-craveol (1,09-1,19%), β-bourboneno (2,44-3,17%) y β-cariofileno (1,42-1,82%). El aceite presentó alta capacidad antioxidante, con valores de IC50 entre 7,5-12,06 µg/mL (método DPPH) y 26,94-38,14 µg/mL (método β-caroteno/ácido linoleico). Mostró una buena inhibición de la acetilcolinesterasa, con zonas de inhibición de la enzima de 0,4-0,9 cm. Conclusión: El rendimiento, calidad y propiedades del aceite esencial de M. spicata cultivada en Santiago del Estero, Argentina cumple con los requisitos del mercado.
https://doi.org/10.22458/urj.v11i3.2624
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