Invasive potential of the Eurasian cricket Acheta domesticus (Orthoptera: Gryllidae) in Costa Rica.
Keywords:Cricket, Protocol, Invasive, Life zones
Introduction: The high nutritional value of insects, together with the facilities in the means and resources for their reproduction, has led to the consideration of the massive production of these organisms to complement the production of animal protein, and perhaps in the future replace it. However, this potential may be limited by various factors in each country's import considerations. In Costa Rica, the importation of fauna has several elements to consider, of which, the current impossibility of introducing shipments of insect species such as the domestic cricket (Acheta domesticus) stands out. Primarily, this impossibility stems from the need to present a technical-scientific study on the invasive potential of the species to be imported, in accordance with article 115 of the Wildlife Conservation Law. When the regulation was established, it indicated the publication of the protocol for the technical-scientific study as derogatory and transitory, but to date it has not been published. Objective: For this reason, a technical-scientific study protocol on the invasive potential of the domestic cricket A. domesticus was reviewed and proposed, using the national species Anurogryllus muticus as a study model. Methods: Of the 12 sensu Holdridge life zones in the country, only 3 could be considered viable for A. domesticus, so the technical-scientific study model was established with simulation of these life zones. Results: According to the environmental and climatological conditions of the country, it is considered that it is unlikely that A. domesticus will survive and prevail in the event of its introduction, based on the model applied to A. muticus.
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