Feeding interactions between the deer, Odocoileus virginianus (Mammalia: Cervidae) and four species of birds in Costa Rica
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Keywords

Comensalism
Protocooperation
White-tailed deer
Birds

How to Cite

Rodríguez Ramírez, M. (2020). Feeding interactions between the deer, Odocoileus virginianus (Mammalia: Cervidae) and four species of birds in Costa Rica. UNED Research Journal, 12(2), e3119. https://doi.org/10.22458/urj.v12i2.3119

Abstract

Introduction: Mammalian-bird interactions are poorly known in the tropics. Methods: To analyze the inteactions between White-tailed Deer and birds I noted and photographed interactions in the tropical humid forest of Curú, Costa Rica, between July 2005 and October 2019. Results: The most common interaction was with the Groove-billed Ani (82 % of all observations), followed by the White-throated Magpie-Jay (10%), Crested Caracara (5%) and Yellow-headed Caracara (3%). Conclusion: Although some of these interrelationships had already been reported in other locations, these results are new for Costa Rica. 
https://doi.org/10.22458/urj.v12i2.3119
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