Surveillance of mosquito larvae (Diptera: Culicidae) in microhabitats of a University Campus in Southwestern Nigeria



How to Cite

Amusan, B., & Ogbogu, S. (2020). Surveillance of mosquito larvae (Diptera: Culicidae) in microhabitats of a University Campus in Southwestern Nigeria. UNED Research Journal, 12(1), e2605.


Introduction: Mosquitoes are potentially regarded as one of the most deadly animals in the world as they are known to vector a number of vital diseases. The faunistic composition and prevalence of these mosquitoes are dependent on the characteristics of the larvae habitats. Objective: In this study we surveyed the mosquito larvae in relation to the characteristics of their various microhabitats with the aim of determining how the habitats influence the composition, abundance and distribution of the mosquito larvae on Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile - Ife campus. Methods: We did mosquito larvae sampling monthly between 07: 00 and 10:00 for six months (August, 2017 - January, 2019) using standard dipping method. The various microhabitats sampled included; ground pools, discarded containers, drainage channels and tree holes in each of the study sites. Results: We identifies seven species distributed in three genera as following; Anopheles spp. (Anopheles gambiae, Anopheles funestus); Aedes spp. (Aedes aegypti, Aedes albopictus); Culex spp. (Culex pipiens, Culex quinquefasciatus, Culex poicilipe). Culex was the dominant and most abundant genera as it accounted for 48% of the entire collection. Mosquito larvae were significantly (p<0,05) more abundant in the dry season than in the wet season. The highest abundance of mosquitoes was recorded in Akintola Hall as it accounted for 50,1% of the entire collection. Findings in this study also revealed that drainage channels in the study sites accounted for the highest abundance of mosquitos. A total of 277 ind. were collected in the various drainage channels in the study sites and this represented 45% of the entire collection while Leaking pipes and Ground pools accounted for 89 (15%) and 87 (14%) individuals respectively. We collected majority of the mosquitoes near dwellings thus suggesting that the species identified in this study have affinity for humans and their dwellings. Conclusion: We suggest that un-kept drainage channels, leakages and discarded domestic containers littered around the study sites are possible contributing factors to the enormous breeding sites available to mosquitoes. Elimination of such breeding sites can effectively mitigate the survival and prevalence of mosquitoes in the area.


Aigbodion, F. I., & Odiachi, F. C. (2003). Breeding Sites Preferences of Anopheline Mosquitoes in Benin City, Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Entomology, 20, 1-7.

Amiruddin, R. D., Sidik, A., Alwi, N., Islam, J. P., & Astuti, S. (2012). Socioeconomic factors and access to health services for malaria control in Mamuju District, West Sulawesi Indonesia. Asian Journal of Epidemiology, 5, 56-61. DOI: 10.3923/aje.2012.56.61

Amusan, A. A. S. (2004). Distribution of mosquitoes (Diptera: Culicidae) and Disease Transmission Patterns in Ogun State (PhD Dissertation). University of Agriculture, Abeokuta, Ogun State.

Anosike, J. C. B., Nwoke, A. N, Okere, E. E, Oku, J. E, Asor, I. O., Emmy, E., & Adimike D. A. (2007). Epidemiology of tree-hole breeding mosquitoes in the tropical rainforest of Imo state, South East Nigeria. Annals of Agricultural Environment and Medicine, 14, 31-38.

Chen, H. L., Lee, S. P., Stella-Wong, K. W., Lau, M., & Sofian-Azirun, L. (2009). Container survey of mosquito breeding sites in a university campus in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, Dengue Bulletin, 33(1), 187-193.

Dejene, G., Habte, T., Teshome, G. M., Meshesha, B., & Akalu, M. (2015). Breeding Sites of Aedes aegypti: Potential Dengue Vectors in Dire Dawa, East Ethiopia. Epidemic dengue/ dengue hemorrhagic fever as a public health, social and economic problem in the 21st century. Trends of Microbiology, 10, 100-103. DOI: 10.1016/S0966-842X(01)02288-0

Depinay, J. O., Mbogo, C. M., Killeen, G., Knols, B. J., & Carlson, J. (2004). A simulation model of African Anopheles ecology and population dynamics for the analysis of malaria transmission. Malaria Journal, 3(29) DOI: 10.1186/1475-2875-3-29

Egbuche, C. M., Ezihe, C. K., Aribodor, D. N., & Ukonze, C. B. (2016). Survey of mosquitoes in open and closed larval habi¬tats in Aguleri, Anambra East Local Government Area of Anambra State, South Eastern Nigeria. Journal of Mosquito Research, 17, 1-5.

Farjana, T., Ahmmed, M.S., Khanom, T. F., Alam, N., & Begum, N. (2015). Surveillance of Mosquitoes Larva at Selected Areas of Mymensingh District in Bangladesh T. Bangladesh Journal of Veterinary Medicine, 13(1), 79-88. DOI: 10.3329/bjvm.v13i1.23962

Gillet, J. D. (1972). Common African Mosquitoes and their Medical Importance (Vol. I). London, UK: William Heinemann Medical Books Limited.

Komolafe, O. O., & Arawomo G. A. O. (2008). Preliminary observations on fish species in a newly impounded Osinmo reservoir. Turkish Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 8, 289-282.

Mafiana, C. F., Anaeme, L., & Olatunde, G. O. (1998). Breeding sites of larval Mosquitoes in Abeokuta Nigeria. Nigerian Journal of Entomology, 15, 136-143.

Mbanugo, J. I., & Okpalaononuju, C. N. (2013). Survellence of mosquitoes vectors in some habitats of Awka metropolis, Anambra State Nigeria. Journal of Parasitology, 24, 184-190. DOI: 10.4314/njpar.v24i1.37825

Oguoma, V. M., & Ikpeze, O. O. (2008). Species composition and abundance of mosquitoes of a tropical irrigation ecosys¬tem. Animal Research International, 2, 866-871. DOI: 10.4314/ari.v5i2.48748

Ojo, D. A., & Mafiana, C. F. (2001). Evaluation of fever in the presumptive diagnosis of malaria endemicity. Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 22, 35-42.

Okwa, O., Omolade, L., Savage, A., & Adetutu O. (2018). Oviposition and Breeding Water Sites Preferences of Mosquitoes within Ojo area, Lagos State, Nigeria. Journal of Scientific & Technical Research, 7(5). DOI: 10.26717/BJSTR.2018.07.001565

Onyekachi E., Carmelita, C., Ohaeri, E., Amaechi, C., & Collins N. E. (2018). Distribution and abundance of mosquito larvae in Ohafia, Abia State, Nigeria. Cuadernos de Investigación UNED, 10(2), 379-385. DOI: 10.22458/urj.v10i2.2166

Onyido, A. E., Ezike, V. I., Ozumba, N. A., Nwankwo, A. C. N., & Nwankwo, E. A. (2009). Yellow fever vectors’ surveillance in three satellite communities of Enugu Municipality. The Nigerian Journal of Parasitology, 1, 13-17. DOI: 10.4314/ njpar.v30i1.43981

Opoku, A. A., Ansa-Asare, O. D. and Amoako, J. (2007). The occurrence and habitat characterization of some mosquitoes in Accra. West African Journal of Applied Ecology, 11, 99-107.

Oyerinde, J. P. O. (1999). Essentials of Tropical Medical Parasitology. Akoka: University of Lagos Press.

Senthamarai, P. S., & Jebanesan, A. (2016). Studies on potential breeding habitats of dengue and Chickungunya vector mosquitoes in Ramanathapuram district, Tamil Nadu, India. Indian Journal of Natural Products & Resources, 73, 234-239.

Service, M. W. (1993). Mosquito Ecology. Field sampling me¬thods. United Kingdom: Elsevier Science Publishers. DOI: 10.1007/978-94-015-8113-4

WHO. (2002). Dengue Fever and Dengue Haemorrhagic Fever Prevention and Control. Geneva: WHO.

WHO. (2014). World malaria Report. Geneva: WHO.

WHO. (2015). Global strategy for Dengue prevention and control. Geneva: WHO.

Creative Commons License

This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.